Purchased at auction in Western TN. Still works. By winding
Thank you for sending in this most unusual wall clock to mearto.com for an appraisal. I know it has been delayed because it was originally assigned to another appraiser, but as I promised last night I have gotten this done for you this morning. It turned out to be a very interesting piece of horology.
Victorian, walnut, brass and glass, single steel spring, eight day timepiece movement made by the E.N. Welch Clock Company (Bristol, Ct.), parlor wall clock, “Roman Gothic” model, designed by H.J. Davies of Bristol, Ct., clock made and sold made by the Ansonia Brass & Copper Company (in business 1869-1877 and spun off into the Ansonia Clock Company), Bristol, Connecticut, circa 1874.
Case – 30” in height, this is a shaped walnut hanging parlor clock, the rarely seen ‘Roman Gothic’ model, designed by H.J. Davies (see History). During the 1870s several unusual walnut parlor clocks were designed and manufactured. This example has a stepped and shaped overhanging walnut pediment with the arch divided into three section, the central smaller part is surmounted by a fine urn and spire finial and encloses (in the tympanum of the case) a carved Grecian goddess head. The arched pediment descends on either side of the case to the level of the three and nine on the dial where it changes to a free standing (free hanging) sectioned pillar, one to either side. These are heavily ringed and have sections with urn shaped patterns sandwiched between two canister-like or tubular wooden sections above and below, while terminating adjacent to the lower case as fine ‘urn and spire’ teardrop (upside down) finials. The mains section of the case, flanked by these separate pillars, is ovoid in shape with a glazed clear glass dial door. The oval glass overlies the dial at the top and has a gridiron pendulum rod with faux mercury tube as the bob. The base pedestal of this case is formed by two ogival (S-shaped) applied scrolls to the sides of the pedestal, each side with two volutes, and each volute having an applied carved walnut rosette. A teardrop finial in the urn and spire form sits at the base of the pedestal. Overall, a very well designed example which has excellent symmetry, form and proportion and is very Victorian in feel. The backboard, not shown, should be pine with a metal hanger at the top.
Dial: This is a paper replacement dial (the S logo is the most well-known replacement paper dial in America) with black Arabic hours, closed minute ring to the outside, steel machine made ‘Victorian’ hands and a single winding aperture @7 for the time train spring.
Movement: Not seen in photos. We do know that the E.N. Welch Clock Company, also located in Bristol, Ct. in 1874, supplied some movements to the Ansonia Brass & Copper Company, and this was a model that usually held their time-only as well as their eight day time and strike movement. I cannot describe the movement because I am not shown the movement. It uses a gridiron (brass and steel alternating rods) for temperature compensation to allow the length of the pendulum to remain unchanged with changes in temperature.
Case: Excellent with a dark patina to the walnut. No breaks that are obvious.
Dial: Replacement dial. The original, which was not signed was most likely a white painted enameled dial. Hands original.
Movement: Should be an E.N Welch eight day spring driven time only brass movement.
Overall condition is very good. The replacement dial is a bit of a hurt to value.
~Ansonia Brass & Copper Company, a joint stock company formed in 1869 to manufacture brass, copper, clocks and other items. The clock division grew rapidly and was separated in 1877 as a distinct business of its own. It was renamed the Ansonia Clock Company of Bristol Ct. by 1879 the entire operation was moved to a new factory in Brooklyn, New York.
~The G.A. Jones Clock Company, at 2 Cortland Street, NYC, had apparently been formed in 1863. This firm manufactured walnut parlor clocks and a few large floor standing and wall regulators with fine quality movements. The George A Jones Clock Company was shown in NYC directories at 3 addresses-No.2, No. 5 and No. 6 Cortland St. (sales office) from 1864 until 1872. During 1870, G.A. Jones built a factory building of brick at Bristol, CT for the manufacture of shelf clocks. No regulators or floor-standing clocks are known to have been made at the new facility, which opened in 1871. The NYC office was subsequently closed.
By November of 1870, Henry J. Davies of Brooklyn, NY was the plant manager for G.A. Jones. In 1873 he had seemingly gained control of the Jones operation in New York and probably sold the old stock of Jones clocks. He also manufactured and sold many walnut parlor clocks, which he had originally designed for Jones, through the American Clock Company. The Ansonia Brass & Copper Company also offered some of his models. In subsequent years, Davies was one of the initial incorporators, and the later the GM of the Ansonia Clock Co. The Jones factory in Bristol, Connecticut made clocks for less than 3 years and was closed down in 1874. Jones died Nov 28, 1881, and is buried at Hartford, CT.
This history of Henry J. Davies taken from - https://www.clockguy.com/SiteRelated/SiteReferencePages/GeorgeAJones&CoHistory.html
Not many of these have come up for sale. There is a similar era model, in fact made in the same year as yours, called the ‘New York’ model, which sold in 2010 for $250. SEE: -
If your example had its original dial I would have priced the clock at a fair market value of $500-$600. However, with a replacement dial if offered for sale I think the fair market value would be in the range of $350-$400. Retail price would be at least twice that. You have a good eye to have purchased this in a West Tn. sale. Hope you enjoy it or sell it for a profit. It was my pleasure to investigate this clock for you and indeed, like most things, when you take a closer look it turns out to reflect the history of the time in which it was made.
Thank you for choosing mearto.com for this appraisal.
I just received this assignment which I see is now four days overdue. It's 11PM on the east coast and I was just going to sleep. I will get this done for you first thing in the morning.
What apparently happened was that an appraiser took your clock and then never did the appraisal. I never was made aware of it. I do all of the clocks that come in, but this was sent in under antiques and curios, so it was not shown to me.
I was wondering if you could somehow show me some other views of the clock case. Perhaps you can show me the back of the case, just so I can see what wood is being used. Also, take off the pendulum and
photograph it separately. If, after you remove the pendulum, and with the door open you see that the dial and movement sits on a shelf inside the case, it is usually held in by two screws. With the pendulum off, if you unscrew them, the dial and movement should slide right out of the case and you can photograph the movement .
That would be a tremendous help.
The dial is of no value in diagnosing who made this clock because it is a replacement dial. Note the small logo over the six, that is the indication it is a replacement and was used in Europe as well as America.
If you are not able to do these things please let me know and I will do an appraisal tomorrow morning for you without any other information.